What Is A Blue Persian Cat? With Images

blue persian cat laying on a brown cushion

What on earth is a Blue Persian cat? How can a cat be blue?

A blue Persian cat is a color variant of the Persian cat breed that has a solid grey-blue colored coat. The fur is not really blue, but it has bluish undertones in certain light. The “blue” coat variant is not unique to Persian cats and can be seen in other breeds such as the British Shorthair.

Other than the unique color of their coats, the Blue Persian cat has the same characteristics as other Persian cats. Read on to find discover some quick facts about this wonderful breed.

Blue Persian Cat Origins

The term “Blue Persian Cat” typically refers to a specific coat color variation in Persian cats rather than a separate breed. Persian cats are one of the oldest and most recognizable cat breeds, known for their distinctive appearance, flat face, and long, luxurious coat.

The “Blue” color in Persian cats refers to a solid bluish-gray coat color. This color is caused by a dilution of the black pigment in the fur, and is the same genetic variation that results in the coat color of the Russian Blue breed of cats. 

The origin of the Persian breed can be traced back to Persia (modern-day Iran). European explorers brought long-haired cats from this region to Europe in the 1600s, and selective breeding efforts over the centuries led to the development of the Persian breed as we know it today.

The breed has been popular for its calm and gentle temperament, making Persian cats sought after as companions. There are various color variations and patterns within the Persian breed, and breeders may specialize in producing cats with specific traits. However, the blue color in a Persian cat simply refers to the coat color and doesn’t signify a distinct breed or origin.

The Persian cat breed became popular among aristocrats and royals because of their luxurious coats, long hair, beautiful eyes, and laid-back personality. Queen Victoria was known to be fond of Persian cats, and owned several Blue Persians. 

The breed was accepted by cat fanciers in the late 19th century and has gained in popularity ever since.

close up image of the face of blue persian cat


Persian cats are known for their long, luxurious fur coats and large eyes. The legs are short, the ears are small, the head is wide and the eyes are set far apart as compared to other breeds.

The original Persian cat breed standard was for short muzzles. This became exaggerated over the years, resulting in breed lines that had very flat, pug-like faces and bulging eyes. This conformation type is no longer encouraged.

Blue Persian cats, like other Persian cats, have distinct characteristics that contribute to their unique charm. Here are some notable features:

  1. Coat Color:
    • Blue Coloration: The most defining characteristic of a Blue Persian cat is its solid bluish-gray coat. This is a result of a dilution gene affecting the black pigment in the fur. The blue coats can vary in shades, ranging from a pale silver-blue to a deeper steel blue.
  2. Coat Length and Texture:
    • Long, Luxurious Coat: Persian cats are known for their long coat that require regular grooming to prevent matting and tangles. The silky fur is smooth and soft to the touch.
  3. Facial Structure:
    • Flat Face: Persian cats have a distinctive flat or brachycephalic face, characterized by a short nose and a round face. This feature contributes to their unique appearance but can also be associated with some health considerations.
  4. Large Eyes:
    • Large, Round Eyes: Persian cats typically have large, expressive eyes that are a prominent feature on their flat faces. While kittens start life with blue eyes, the eye color changes as they get older. Common eye colors in adults are copper, blue, or green. The Blue Persian cats tend to have copper eyes. 
  5. Ears:
    • Small, Rounded Ears: The ears of a Persian cat are small, rounded, and set low on the head.
  6. Body Structure:
    • Stocky Build: Persian cats have a robust and stocky build with a short, stocky body. They often have a broad chest and short legs.
  7. Vocalization:
    • Soft Voices: Persian cats are not particularly vocal, and when they do vocalize, it is usually with soft, melodious sounds.
  8. Grooming Needs:
    • Regular Grooming: Due to their long coats, Persian cats require regular grooming to prevent matting and maintain the health of their fur. This involves daily brushing and occasional baths.

While these characteristics are generally associated with Persian cats, individual cats may vary in temperament and appearance based on factors such as genetics and upbringing.

head shot of a blue persian cat with copper eyes on a blue background


Persian cats are known for their calm temperament and gentle, sweet personalities. This breed is usually very quiet and loves to snuggle with their owners. They enjoy being around people and often love to receive attention.

These cats are masters of relaxation, often found lounging in the most comfortable spots in the house. Due to their calm nature, Persians thrive in a serene environment where they can fully indulge in their relaxed indoor lifestyle. 

They are not as active or playful as some other breeds, preferring to spend their time in peaceful tranquility. However, they still enjoy the occasional playtime and interactive toys to keep them mentally stimulated.

Despite their laid-back demeanor, Persians are incredibly affectionate and form strong bonds with their human companions.  Their gentle and sweet personalities make them a good pet for households where a calm atmosphere is desired.

If you are looking for a loving and tranquil feline companion, a Persian cat could be the perfect addition to your home. 


These cats typically weigh between 7-12 pounds, with males being larger than females. They stand between 10-12 inches tall. They often appear to be much larger though, due to their long, fluffy coats. 

Health Problems

Blue Persian cats are prone to a number of health problems that afflict the Persian breed in general. 

First, the large, rounded skull and short nose and face of this breed is associated with some health issues. These cats are prone to respiratory problems and skin and eye infections. 

The head shape of these cats also makes for difficult births. The breed has a higher-than-normal stillbirth rate, and kitten mortality (including stillborn kittens) is as high as 30%.

Persian cats are also at risk for developing polycystic kidney disease (PKD). This genetic disease affects between 36-49% of the breed.

PKD leads to kidney failure. Responsible breeders test their cats for the genetic markers for this disease and remove carrier animals from their breeding program.

Other genetic diseases of Persian cats that pet parents need to be aware of include :

Finally, even the characteristic Persian coat is a potential source of health problems. Matting, hairballs, and skin problems are a common occurrence that can lead to more serious issues if not dealt with promptly. 

Persian cats require regular veterinary check-ups and proper care to maintain their health. It’s important to work closely with a reputable breeder and educate yourself on potential health concerns before bringing home a Persian cat.  

Persian cats owners need to be aware of these potential health issues and provide their pets with regular veterinary care. Responsible breeders also take steps to reduce the incidence of these genetic diseases in their breeding programs. 

closeup image of a grumpy looking blue persian cat with copper colored eyes

Grooming Requirements

The long, luxurious coat of the Blue Persian cat needs a lot of maintenance and care. These cats should be brushed daily to prevent mats from forming and to remove dead hair.

Many people believe cats do not need to be bathed. In the case of the Persian cat, however, baths are required to keep them looking their best. They simply have too much hair to be able to do a perfect job themselves!

Monthly baths are recommended to keep their coats clean and healthy. Trims around the eyes, face, feet, and bottom area can help reduce shedding.

Bathing and grooming removes a lot of loose hair, which helps reduce the risk of hairballs.

Between baths, regular face washing is also needed. This is because the shape of the eyes, nose and face often causes problems with their tear ducts, and tear-staining of the fur below their eyes is very common.

What Is The Price of A Blue Persian Cat

Persian cat prices are in the midrange for purebred cats. You should be able to find a Persian kitten starting at about $500 USD and going up from there.

However, prices can quickly run into the $2500 to $5000 range depending on the breeder. The price of a Blue Persian cat is determined by their pedigree and whether or not they come with any health guarantees.


Persian cats have an average lifespan of 12-17 years, although some can live into their early 20s with proper care. The longevity of these cats is often attributed to their indoor lifestyle and low activity levels, which help keep them safe from potential dangers and accidents.

Because the breed is prone to certain health conditions, it’s important that they get regular veterinary care,  a healthy diet, and a stress-free environment to ensure a longer, healthier life.

The Bottom Line

The Blue Persian cat is a stunning and graceful cat known for its striking blue coat. With their endearing and docile personality, they make exceptional companions, bringing joy and warmth to any household.

To maintain the beauty of their coat, Persians require special care. Regular grooming sessions and a balanced diet are essential to keep their luscious fur looking its best. Additionally, scheduled visits to the veterinarian for checkups and genetic disease screenings ensure their overall health and well-being.

Persian cats may be more expensive than some other breeds, but you won’t need to break the bank to purchase one. For those who are looking for a beautiful and loving companion, their cost is well worth it.

closeup of a blue persian cat  licking her lips, white brick background


  • Dr. Wendy Wilkins, DVM, PhD

    Dr. Wendy Wilkins is an experienced veterinarian and epidemiologist with over 20 years of expertise. She holds a Doctor of Veterinary Medicine (DVM) degree and a Doctorate in Epidemiology from the University of Saskatchewan. Throughout her career, Dr. Wilkins has excelled in clinical practice, academia, research, and regulatory veterinary medicine. She is a respected voice in knowledge dissemination, delivering factual information in a readable and understandable manner through articles, books, and public engagements.

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